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What is Employers Liability Insurance?
Workers' compensation and employers liability insurance make up the two components of
the same insurance policy in most states. Both coverages are typically provided within one policy and
commonly referred to as workers' compensation jointly. Only monopolistic states exclude employers liability from a standard policy.
Employers Liability Insurance is commonly referred to as Stop Gap Coverage.
Workers compensation coverage is Part 1 of a standard policy and it covers the medical and
indemnity costs associated with a claim or injury. There is no limit to the dollar amount of
coverage provided for this portion of the policy. Coverage under workers' compensation includes:
Separate from the workers' comp component, employers liability insurance provides
legal protection for the business. Employers liability covers the cost of lawsuits involving employees who are injured at work or suffer an occupational illness.
Think of employers liability coverage as similar to your general liability coverage.
While general liability covers a business from 3rd party claims such as customer
injuries or negligence, it does not provide coverage for employee-related
negligence. Employers liability fills the gap by responding to legal claims filed by injured workers.
General liability and workers' compensation insurance are the two most common types of small business insurance.
If an employee files a suit against a covered business, employers liability can
cover the following costs up to the limits of coverage:
Employers liability is Part 2 of most workers' comp policies. It's often referred to as Stop Gap Liability Insurance because it fills in the gap between paying for an injury and defending a business from a lawsuit.
Yes. All business owners should want employers liability insurance. It is included on most policies because it is legally required in most states. Each state sets their own minimum employers liability limits.
Workers' compensation and employers liability will typically respond to an employee-related claim unless the policy specifically excludes coverage for the event type. Here are the most common causes of employers liability lawsuits:
Loss of Consortium
Third Party Over Actions
Imagine an employee becomes injured while using a piece of equipment for a job and sustains a serious
injury. While collecting workers' compensation benefits, the employee files a lawsuit against
the manufacturer of the equipment. The manufacturer, in turn, sues your business for
contributory negligence for something such as not maintaining the equipment properly.
Injured Workers Rejects Workers Compensation
Dual Capacity Claims
These claims are specific to manufactures and generally happen when the employer is
also the manufacturer of the product that caused the employee injury.
Employer liability insurance does contain certain policy exclusions and will not
provide coverage for some types of employee claims. Some of these policy exclusions
Employers liability limits are defined within each insurance policy. Business owners may choose
to increase the limits for coverage. Each state sets the minimum required coverage limits
for their state. Legal statutory liability limits in most states are:
Workers' compensation statutory limits actually refer to the minimum state required coverage limits for Part 2 of the policy, employers liability.
Insurance companies offer easy options to increase these limits
with options such as $500k/$500k/$500k or $1mil/$1mil/$1mil. Increasing
employers liability limits typically costs business owners an additional 2%-3% of
premium. Employers liability limits can often be increases to a maximum of $5 million for each part of
coverage. An Umbrella policy may also provide additional coverage over employers
Workers' compensation coverage in monopolistic states does not provide coverage for
employers liability insurance. Employers who operate in these states should consider
buying employers liability coverage under their general liability policy. This
coverage is also known as Stop-Gap coverage and can typically be added to general liability
coverage by endorsement.
There are four monopolistic states that operate their own workers' compensation funds:
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Employers liability is represented under Part 2 of a standard workers' compensation insurance policy. It provides legal coverage to an insured's business for employee-related liability for bodily injury or disease. This includes legal defense costs abd employee legal liability.
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