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North Carolina is unique in that the state calculates its own Experience Modification Factors through the North Carolina Rate Bureau. Most NCCI states require these factors to be promulgated by the National Council on Compensation Insurance. North Carolina does report all claims information to NCCI for the purpose of determining interstate modifiers. An interstate modifier is only applicable for employers who have coverage outside of North Carolina.
Contractors may face unique challenges in the state. Waivers of Subrogation are no longer required in North Carolina because NC law indicates that a principal contractor is not responsible for subcontractors. However, general contractors may be liable for injuries and coverage for employees of uninsured subcontractors. In some cases, a general contactor may charge subcontractor for the cost of workers compensation while working on various jobsites.
Employer must immediately report to its Workers’ Compensation insurance carrier any injury or occupational disease, or allegation by an employee of an injury or occupational disease, sustained in the course of employment for which the attention of a physician is needed or actually sought.If an injury causes the employee to be absent from work for more than one day, or the employee’s medical expenses are greater than $2000.00, the employer or carrier must file with the Industrial Commission a Form 19 “Employer’s Report of Employee’s Injury to the Industrial Commission” within five days of learning of the injury or allegation..If a Form 19 is filed with the Industrial Commission, the employer or carrier must also send a copy of the Form 19 to the employee, together with a blank Form 18 “Notice of Accident to Employer and Claim of Employee” for use by the employee.
If a contractor subcontracts work to a subcontractor who does not have workers’ compensation insurance, the principal contractor may be liable for the work-related injuries of the subcontractor’s employees, regardless of the number of employees you or the subcontractor employs.
NC Truckers and Owner Operators
North Carolina requires most trucking companies and owner operators. This is the case even when an owner operator is deemed to be a 1099 contractor. If the owner operator doesn't have workers' comp coverage, the motor carrier must provide coverage. An Occupational Accident Insurance policy (OAI) is not a lawful substitute for workers compensation in North Carolina.
The North Carolina Industrial Commission is authorized to fine employers who fail to secure workers’ compensation coverage one dollar per employee per day, but not less than $50 per day and not more than $100 per day. So if an employer does not have workers’ comp in North Carolina for a year faces a fine between $18,250 and $36,500 per year, even if there are no workplace injuries.
Failing to purchase workers' compensation in North Carolina is considered criminal. Employers can still be held liable to pay all medical expenses and lost wages for injured employees. Business owners can either be charged with a misdemeanor or a felony depending on the circumstances. They may also face financial penalties and imprisonment.
In most cases the insurance company must provide and direct medical treatment for injured employees. The employee does not get to choose the provider unless they petition to change physicians with the North Carolina Industrial Commission. Written permission to the employees is required prior to guaranteeing that any payments will be made for treatment rendered.
Consistent with prudent insurance practices, NC “urges” insurers to consider relaxing premium payment due dates, extending grace periods, waiving late fees and penalties, and allowing payment plans for premiums payments to help prevent a lapse in coverage. Insurers should only consider cancellation/nonrenewal after exhausting other efforts to work with policyholders.
Discretionary order in effect from 03/24/2020 - further notice.
No current state orders.
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Getting the Best Deal on Coverage
North Carolina is a good state for workers compensation insurance. Prices have remained relatively stable over the past 5 years and there are numerous carriers offering coverage in the state.
Pricing can vary significantly by insurance companies because they are allowed to file rates with the state and apply credit and debits on coverage. Business owners should shop 3 or more carriers to ensure they are getting lower rates on their coverage.
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Employers liability insurance is an additional layer of coverage included as part of a workers' compensation
insurance policy. Employers Liability is known as Part 2 of the policy. It adds two additional coverages for employers:
Employers Legal Liability and Legal Defense Costs
In today's world, there are a variety of reasons employees and third-parties sue employers for damages. Here a
some common types covered by employers liability insurance:
Third Party Lawsuits
Your employee sues another party that may have contributed to the injury, In turn, the third party sues your
Consequential Bodily Injury
Another party or individual is injured while providing care for the injured employee.
Dual Capacity Legal Action
An employee files a claim but also attempts to sue the employer for being responsible in other ways outside of
the employment relationship.
Loss of Consortium
A spouse sues for damages caused by the loss of companionship or relations.
Employers Liability coverage is not included with coverage in the four monopolistic states. Employers
in these states can endorse this coverage onto their General Liability policy. That coverage is commonly known as Stop Gap
Get more information about workers' compensation in North Carolina:
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